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Shuai Rao, Dongxing Wang, Zhiqiang Liu, Kuifang Zhang, Hongyang Cao, Jinzhang Tao, Selective extraction of zinc, gallium, and germanium from zinc refinery residue using two stage acid and alkaline leaching, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 183, 2019

A.Werner, A. Rieger, M. Mosch, R. Haseneder, J. Repke, Nanofiltration of indium and germanium ions in aqueous solutions: Influence of pH and charge on retention and membrane flu, Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 194, 2018

H.K. Haghighi, M. Irannajad, A. Fortuny, A.M. Sastre, Recovery of germanium from leach solutions of fly ash using solvent extraction with various extractants, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 175, 2018

C.A. Cruz, S. Marie, G. Arrachart, S. Pellet-Rostaing, Selective extraction and separation of germanium by catechol based resin, Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 193, 2018

F. Liu, Z. Liu, Y. Li, B.P. Wilson, Z. Liu, L. Zeng, M. Lundström, Recovery and separation of gallium(III) and germanium(IV) from zinc refinery residues : Part II: Solvent extraction, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 171, 2017

F. Liu, Z. Liu, Y. Li, B.P. Wilson, M. Lundström, Extraction of Ga and Ge from zinc refinery residues in H2C2O4 solutions containing H2O2, International Journal of Mineral Processing, Vol. 163, 2017

F. Liu, Z. Liu, Y. Li, Z. Liu, Q. Li, L. Zeng, Extraction of gallium and germanium from zinc refinery residues by pressure acid leaching, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 164, 2016

O. Wiche, H. Heilmeier, Germanium (Ge) and rare earth element (REE) accumulation in selected energy crops cultivated on two different soils, Minerals Engineering, Vol. 92, 2016

S. Nusen, Z. Zhu, T. Chairuangsri, C. Yong Cheng, Recovery of germanium from synthetic leach solution of zinc refinery residues by synergistic solvent extraction using LIX 63 and Ionquest 801, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 151, 2015

K. Kuroiwa, S. Ohura, S. Morisada, K. Ohto, H. Kawakita, Y. Matsuo, D. Fukuda, Recovery of germanium from waste solar panels using ion-exchange membrane and solvent extraction, Minerals Engineering, Vol. 55, 2014

F. Arroyo Torralvo, C. Fernandez-Pereira, Recovery of germanium from real fly ash leachates by ion-exchange extraction, Minerals Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2011

Liang, D., et al, Germanium recovery by co-precipitation of germanium and iron in conventional zinc metallurgy, Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Vol.108 No.11, 2008

D. Liang, J. Wang, Y. Wang, Difference in dissolution between germanium and zinc during the oxidative pressure leaching of sphalerite, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 95, No. 1-2, 2009

Fayram, T.S., and Anderson, C.G., The development and implementation of industrial hydrometallurgical gallium and germanium recovery, Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Vol.108, No.5, 2008

D. Liang, J. Wang, Y. Wang, F. Wang, J. Jiang, Behavior of tannins in germanium recovery by tannin process, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 93, No.3-4, 2008

M. Kul, Y. Topkaya, Recovery of germanium and other valuable metals from zinc plant residues, Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 92, No.3-4, 2008

P. Coca, F. Garcia Pena, Ion flotation of germanium from fly ash aqueous leachates, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.118 No.1-2, 2006

R.R. Moskalyk, Review of germanium processing worldwide. Minerals Engineering, Vol.17 No.3, 2004



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